Table of Contents
  • Package Freighter
  • 1 – 10ffw
  • 246ft length
  • Button Bay, Wolfe Island, St. Lawrence River
  • N44.09.05.47 w076.20.53.99

OATLAND exWILLIAMJ.AVERELL wooden package freighter(C138107exU 81027). 1917-1921.
Original: 1,603.14 tons gross and 1,425.43 net, 242.6’ (between perpendiculars). 250’ overall.
Capacity 43,000 bushels of wheat = 1,450 tons on 14’ draft.
By 1898: 1,531 tons gross and 1,441 net.
By 1918 Canadian measurement was 1,854 tons gross and 1,063 net.
Launched on 29 March 1884 by Detroit Dry Dock at Wyandotte Michigan. Yard #68. Had two funnels abreast aft. Diagonal strapping. Fore & aft compound engine = 725 indicated horsepower, 800 rated horsepower.
Cost $70,000. 1913-19 insurance rating = 90. 1917 value $85,000. 1918 value $74,375. 1919 value $65,875. 1920 value $60,934.37.

AVERELL’s first owner was the Ogdensburg Transportation Co., the shipping arm of the Ogdensburg & Lake Champlain Railroad, which was in turn, owned by the Central Vermont Railroad. The purpose of the shipping company was to bring western grain to Ogdensburg New York for eastward shipment by rail and to move manufactured goods and building stone from the east to the west. Among other vessels, she was a running mate to WILLIAM A. HASKELL (later JOYLAND) and A. McVITTIE, which both later ran for Montreal Transportation Co. AVERELL’s owners defaulted to her builders on 29 March 1885 and then she was laid up that July for lack of business.
She was repaired during the winter of 1885-86.
In 1886 she ran in the “Ogdensburg Line” on her former route.
On 13 June 1890 she grounded on South Manitou Island in Lake Michigan.
She received a new propeller in 1894.
In 1899 her ownership was transferred to Rutland Transit (Rutland Railroad, later part of the New York Central system) when it took control of the Central Vermont Railroad.
She was caulked in 1907 but laid up about 1910.

The American Panama Canal legislation of 1915 forced the railways to sell their Great Lakes fleets. Her ownership was therefore transferred to the Great Lakes Transit Co. in 1916 and she came to Canadian registry later that year.
The Lake & River Transportation Co. of Montreal (Canada Shipping Co. – Hackett managers) were her new owners. Lake & River Transportation was owned by Roy M. Wolvin who got de facto control of Montreal Transportation Co. at about the same time. She was then lengthened by Cantin’s Dry Dock at Montreal and renamed before being transferred to Montreal Transportation Co. ownership. She normally took Canada Steamship Lines package freight upbound and brought Montreal Transportation Co. grain downbound. Her ownership was transferred to Canada Steamship Lines in 1921 as part of the final winding up of the Montreal Transportation Co. fleet and she was abandoned at Kingston in 1925. She was partly dismantled in 1930 and her hull was scuttled in Lake Ontario near Cape Vincent New York in 1931. 67

1884 – Mar 29 Launched Detroit for Ogdensburg & Lake Champlain Railroad Co., cost $125,000. Sister ships WILLIAM A. HASKELL & WALTER L. FROST; ports of call Chicago, Milwaukee, Port Huron, Detroit, Cleveland, Oswego, Cape Vincent, Clayton, Alexandria Bay, Morristown & Ogdensburg.
1885 – Mar 29 Defaulted to Detroit Dry Dock Co.
1886 – Mar 27 Running in Ogdensburg Line.
1890 – Jun 13 Ashore South Manitou Island, Lake Michigan.
1899 – Owned Ogdensburg Transit Co.
1916 – Purchased Lake & River Transportation Co., Montreal, QUE; R.M. Wolvin, agent; renamed OATLAND;
1854 – gross tons/1063 net tons.
1917 – Owned Montreal Transportation Co. Ltd.
1917-1920 Managed Canada Steamship Lines Ltd.
1925 – Retired, laid up Kingston.
1927 – Declared abandoned.
1931 – Hull discarded to South Side of Wolfe Island near Cape Vincent, NY.

NOAA RECORD 3927 #

Vesselterms:: OATLAND  
Type: Wreck – Submerged, dangerous to surface navigation  
Latitude: 44.151569
Longitude: -76.348
Positional Accuracy: High  
Year Sunk: None
Depth: 1
Depth Units: Feet and tenths  
History: HISTORY UNKNOWN SOURCE– BP99586–1976 LAUNCH COPY; SEARCHED FOF WKS IN VICINITY OF CHARTED ì POSITIONS BUT COULD NOT LOCATE. BP116431–MAINTENANCE COPY OF CANADIAN CHART 1421; 1982; WK RELOCATED IN ì LAT 44-09-04.9N, LONG 76-20-51.7W; POSITION SCALED FROM CHART 14768 ì (1:30,000 SCALE) UNCOVERS 1FT AT CHART DATUM. TP001170/82–REVIEWED CLASS III; NOT VISIBLE ON PHOTOGRAPHS. (ENT. 3/85 MSM) MAR–8/85, OPR-V276-HFP-85; PARTIALLY VISIBLE; SNORKLE SEARCH; LEAST DEPTH ì OF 4 FT ON WESTERN END OF WK IN ITEM 3926 IN LAT 44-09-05.33N, LONG ì 76-20-54.01W; 40 X 100 FT. (UPDATED MSM 11/85) MAR–11/85, OPR-V276-HFP-85; LEAST DEPTH REVISED TO 1.2 FT AT SAME ì POSITION; THIS PART OF WK IS 200 FT LONG X 30 FT WIDE AND IS LYING ì 238 DEGREES T. (UPDATED MSM 9/86) H10185/85–OPR-V276-HFP-85; WOODEN GRAIN SHIP, SUNK BY THE ì CANADIANS IN 1931 AND LATER BROKEN APART BY NATURAL FORCES, WAS ì LOCATED IN TWO PIECES; REF. ITEM 3926 FOR LARGER HALF; SMALLER ì PIECE, WITH A LEAST DEPTH OF 1 FT. LOCATED IN LAT 44-09-05.47N, ì LONG 76-20-53.99W; EVALUATOR RECOMMENDED CHARTING WRECKS AS SHOWN ì ON SURVEY. (UPDATED MSM 9/88) 

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