• Type of Wreck: Propeller
  • Location of Wreck: Main Duck Island – N43 54 255 W76 46 124

Dimensions: 275ft x 42ft x 21ft 2726 GT 1835 NT Type of Wreck: Propeller Location of Wreck: Main Duck Island – N43 54 255 W76 46 124 Place and Builder: Cleveland, Ohio Year Built: 1890 Mooring: Yes

Collingwood Bulletin January 23, 1919 #

Accidents and storms on the Great Lakes in 1918 resulted in the loss of 93 lives, of which 76 passed out on Lake Superior. The important marine events follow: December 2 – Bow section of the steamer MANOLA, while on the way to the Atlantic Coast, was lost in a storm on Lake Ontario near Duck Island; crew of 12 missing.

Loss Reported For American Vessels Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1919 #

Steam screw MANOLA. U. S. No. 92170. Of 2,725 tons gross. Built 1890. On December 3, 1918, the bow section of the vessel, which was cut in two for passage through the Welland Canal, foundered 5 miles south of False Duck, Ontario. With 11 persons on board, 11 persons lost.

Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1916 #

Steam screw MANOLA U. S. No. 92170. Of 2,725 tons gross; 1,835 tons net. Built Cleveland, Ohio, 1890. Homeport, Duluth, Minn. 282.4 x 40.3 x 21.2 Freight service. Crew of 20. Of 1,200 indicated horsepower.

MANOLA steel bulk freighter (C 141836 ex U 92170) (signal letters TPSJ). 1919- 1920. Original: 2,326 tons gross, 1,836 tons net. In 1915: 2,725.99 tons gross, 1,835.86 net, 282.4’. In 1919-23: 2,404 tons gross, 1,333 net, 249.7’. Post 1923: 3,100 tons gross, 1,671 net, 356’. Launched on 21 January 1890 56


at Cleveland Ohio by Globe Iron Works. Yard #30. Electric light by 1921. Three masts. Triple expansion = 1,200 indicated horsepower, 241 rated horsepower. 1920 value $303,401.51.

In the early 1890s the Minnesota Steamship Co. (Col. James Pickands) ordered MANOLA and five sister ships for the Lake Superior iron ore trade. On 5 September 1894, she went aground at Red Stack near the mouth of the US Sault Ste. Marie Canal and subsequently received temporary repairs in a Cleveland dry dock. She was in a South Chicago dry dock in 1895 for $10,000 worth of repairs including the replacement of 15 hull plates. In 1901 her owner was absorbed by US Steel and her operator became the Pittsburgh Steamship Co. MANOLA was sold to the US Shipping Board on 25 January 1918. They cut her in two for transit through the St. Lawrence Canals in order to move her to salt water, but the forward section sank west of Main Duck Island (near Kingston Ontario) on 3 December 1918 with the loss of 11 or 12 lives. She had been under tow by the American tug MICHIGAN (U 211745, 98 tons gross). MANOLA’s stern section was bought by Montreal Transportation Co. from Charles A. Barnard KC who was counsel to Montreal Transportation Co. and also a member of the Canada Steamship Lines syndicate. How Barnard came to be the owner, or agent for her owner, is unknown. In 1920 Davie Shipbuilding of Lauzon gave her a new forward section for $187,950. Her engines and auxiliaries were refitted for salt-water operation an enlarged bridge was placed almost amidships and she was reduced to “canaller” length. Despite these changes, intended so that she could operate on the ocean, after reconstruction she only operated on the Great Lakes.

She was sold to Canada Steamship Lines in 1920 for $303,401.51 and was renamed MAPLEDAWN. She was lengthened at Collingwood in 1923 and her Pilot House was moved to just aft of her forward hatch. On 1 June 1923, she was in collision with Century Coal’s (a Canada Steamship Lines subsidiary) barge BROOKDALE (C 137968 ex U 91986, 1,067 tons gross) (ex Montreal Transportation Co.) off Alexandria Pier in Montreal. BROOKDALE sank. MAPLEDAWN was wrecked during a snowstorm on Quai des Roches in 20’ of water, 100 yards off the west side of Christian Island (near Penetanguishene Ontario) in Georgian Bay on 30 November 1924. She was en route from Fort William Ontario to Midland Ontario with a cargo of barley. 75,000 bushels and some machinery were recovered. Much of her hull was recovered for its scrap value in 1942.

MANOLA’s name fit the pattern for bulk carriers of the Minnesota Steamship Co. that had one-word names that began with “M” and ended with “a”. 57

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